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The local bike shop (LBS) is dying. Maybe not in the same lightning speed fashion 26-inch wheels are, but at the very least local bike brick-and-mortar is bonking. In fact, independent bicycle dealers (IBD) have been circling the toilet for quite some time, facing challenges both old and new sandwiched between a rapidly-evolving industry and customer base.

Upon reviewing the 2015 IBD Summit presentation roster, one thing was clear–women cyclists are on a roll and closing the gap on men who have historically dominated the pedal-driven pastime. Among several subjects discussed at the Summit regarding women’s cycling was one directed at local bike shops, wherein IBD advocates and leadership encouraged LBS owners to reach out, retain, better support, and more fully embrace the new majority of cyclists–women.

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Finishing a tune up at Full Cycle bike shop in Minneapolis. PC: stevesworldofphotos via Flickr.com Creative Commons License

In this two-part series, we’ll discuss two groups headed in opposite directions, yet in search for one another: the fall of the LBS and the rise of women cyclists.

The Plight of the Local Bike Shop

Over the last 15 years, the number of U.S. IBDs has dropped 35%, with bike shops closing their doors at an average rate of 170 per year since 1985. Lately, the most popular direction to point the finger is in the face of online competition where you can evade sales tax and/or cash in on de-regulated overseas distribution for prices at or below LBS wholesale. Not only does the LBS lose the sale, but they’re also viewed as a price gouger, thus reinforcing online sales. The National Bicycle Dealers Association (NBDA) reported the average profit margin on new bike sales (35%) from IBDs is less than the cost of doing business (38%), which is only partially offset by parts, accessories (46%), and other services. The average annual profit for an LBS? $55,689. If Mom and Pops are gouging, they’re certainly not using anything sharper than a spoon.

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Fred Clements, NBDA, “Bike Shops Are Cycling Infrastructure”, 2015

Fred Clements, NBDA, "Bike Shops Are Cycling Infrastructure", 2015

Fred Clements, NBDA, “Bike Shops Are Cycling Infrastructure”, 2015

But this can’t be all bad news. As shops dwindle, it means more business for those that survive. In 1980, there was one shop for every 25,000 people; in 2015, there’s one for every 83,000. Unfortunately, this also means a larger diversity of shoppers that have also become more price sensitive and, in the case of online competition, more price savvy, adding to the weight a shop is asked to carry.

Cycling Participation Among Women

“The future of cycling and bike shops are directly linked.”  Fred Clements, NBDA

…and the future doesn’t appear to be as dim as the past. According to market research, from 2000-2010, although the total number of women who rode decreased by 10%, the number of “frequent” female riders (those who rode more than 109 days per year) rose by 8%. Between ages 18-24, women make up 60% of bike ownership and ride more days per year than men of the same age. Females ages 45-64 saddle up as frequently as their baby boomer counterparts, and the number of days riding after 64 years old remains high for women through age 74. Although men’s participation in biking has historically enjoyed an overall steadier growth, women are a potent force, flexing at the core, and actually represent the overall majority of bike owners (51%).

There is a strong contingent of women out ripping the trails this year (photo BCBR)

PC: BCBR

The Potential Economic Impact of Women

“Persuading women to ride is the clearest path to growth for bicycling in the United States.”  Gluskin and Townley

Bridget Brennan, CEO of Female Factor, with respect to women’s purchasing power, noted that women: drive 75% of all consumer spending, dominate social media making them easier to engage, are marrying later in life, and are having fewer children, resulting in more time to ride and buy. Brennan also referenced research showing 60% of bike-owning people are female millennials, the largest generation of female Americans in history come 2022, who are now entering their purchasing prime.

Despite moderate growth, especially among enthusiasts who also have the most influence on the LBS channel, a larger percentage of female cyclists (62%) did not visit an LBS in 2014 when compared to males (56%). Among women who purchased a new bike, the proportion of those who did so from an LBS (37%) was the same as those who bought from a discount store (34%), and these figures don’t change much when discussing where women are planning to buy. By contrast, men are 2.5 times more likely to buy from a local shop.

In other words, the majority of bike owners are not buying from the LBS!

Leah Benson, owner of Gladys Bikes, a women-friendly bicycle shop located in Northeast Portland, OR, describes the discomfort women experience when contemplating the LBS scene. “We’ve heard from our customers that some shops can be intimidating and hard to relate to; they can make poor assumptions about women and seem less interested in trying to understand them.” Benson adds, “You can’t just set out a few step-thru frames, hang up some pink jerseys, and sprinkle some floral pattern about and call it good for the ladies.”

Leah Benson, Gladys Bikes

Leah Benson founded Gladys Bikes after witnessing firsthand a need for local shops to better support women riders

So how does the already-suffering bike shop owner answer the call of a growing cycling population made up of “non-traditional” participants? As shops struggle to make ends meet, they are being asked to provide for more. And not just more cyclists in general, but more cyclists whose needs may force shops into rethinking inventory, customer service tactics, and floor layout, to name a few.

In part 2 we’ll discuss how the LBS can save itself by serving an underserved cycling population, examine suggested solutions from the IBD industry, women’s cycling advocacy groups, and of course, women riders.

In the meantime, what say ye?

To the women: Does your LBS meet your needs? If so, what does it do well? If not, where can it improve?

To the shop owner: How does your shop rank in female loyalty? What challenges do you face in appealing to more women customers?

To all: Why do women own most of the bikes, but purchase less from bike shops?

Click here to read Part 2.

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# Comments

  • Greg Heil

    Fantastic set of articles, Chris, and super-well researched! I know that I personally didn’t know that women were a majority over men in brute bike ownership.

    I do wonder, though, if it skews the other way in the MTB industry specifically. Unfortunately, most of the research from these major industry trend sources just talk about “bicycling” and don’t sub-divide road riding, commuting, mountain biking, and more.

    That said, I think your takeaways in part 2 are just fantastic! Not only do many of them apply to having your shop more friendly to women, but as you astutely pointed out, they’d help a shop be more friendly to ANY customer whatsoever. I hate running into ego and know-it-all attitudes in a shop personally, and I’m a dude and have been riding for over a decade.

    Thanks again for these fantastic pieces!

  • k2rider

    Being the anti-PC guy that I am, I’ll call BS on the numbers of women & bikes, rather it be bike ownership or actually riding said bikes. At least in SoCal, I’d bet my house that it’s not even 50%. Taking my house out of the equation, I’d say it’s not even 10% in mountain biking. As far as actually seeing women riders, I’d *guess* it’s about 25% on road bikes I see along the San Diego coastline every weekend. As far as out on the trails baed on my observation only, men out-number women 100-1 (yes, I said a hundred). Admittedly, I just came back from riding in SW Colorado and riding on weekdays, the ratio I saw was about 60-40 and I was surprised at the number of women I saw riding together at Phil’s World in Cortez. I was even more amazed (sexist I know….sorry) when a group of (3) women in their late 40’s-50’s rode into the lot after me and loaded their bikes into a pick-up bed using a tailgate pad. I have NEVER seen such a sight in SoCal and I’ve been riding here since the late 80’s.

    Now, back to the shops part of the article. I think it is important for shops to have women riders on the staff who ride and even more important for the male employees to not talk down to women riders. After all, you never know how knowledgable or talented any customer actually is. My “go to” local shop is also a huge internet seller so they have an awesome selection of all things female as well. I bought all of my adult daughters clothing and other equipment there. To be honest, I can’t remember ever being in there and seeing a woman bike shopping on her own. I’m sure it happens but I haven’t seen it. I have seen many women bringing bikes into the shop/repair area. the women employees they have are always working the register/check out area.

    • Chris Daniels

      Numbers are not BS, but I totally agree they do not rep the MTB numbers. Hard to find figures/studies on MTB-only.

  • Bubblehead10MM

    this may be somewhat beside the issue of women inn biking. Online sails being a reality, I’ve been wondering if there’s money to be made as a service provider. “Bring us your part, well put them on. Hell let me make sure you’re ordering the right stuff.”
    In any case I’m saying the current business middle has flaws and needs to be adjusted. For whatever reason small and even good sized lbs’s buy at around the same price points that consumers get online. They will break their teeth fighting head to head with that, but what they have that most of us don’t (and I’m very mechanically inclined and including myself) is expertise on the install, adjust, fit, overhaul, repair, and selection, of both the whole bike and the parts.

  • Spider29

    A local shop just opened up in my town called “Flying Monkey” The owner also put an amazing cafe
    in the shop and there is a wood fired pizza oven and beer patio to come. You have to line up on weekends to get into the place, it’s that popular. What’s dying is the traditional concept of a bike shop. People want to socialize, hang out and be part of a scene. This place draws MTB’ers, Roadies and Trackies alike and it’s not always about showing up to buy something, maybe just grabbing a post ride joe. I’ve seen a lot of bike shops come and go in this town and they all had the same old traditional approach. It’s got to be more than that. And this works for men or women.

  • socaljohn

    While I don’t doubt the jist of the article regarding the LBS, the rest of the stuff is to put it mildly an “eyebrow raiser”. First off, numbers lie. Especially in the hands of a skillful smoke and mirrors writer. Real life is the final arbiter of all things true. And these numbers don’t pass the smell test.

    Has anyone reading this article actually seen anything close to the numbers suggested here as to the ratio of women to men riders? Don’t get me wrong I wish there WERE more women riders. In my town of Fallbrook (North county of San Diego) we get a lot of roadies. In any one group there may be 10% women. I have mountain biked from Wyoming to San Diego. Local trails to epic trails and bike parks too. They aren’t there!
    Not in the numbers suggested anyway. A couple of years ago I rode some awesome trails near Jackson Wyoming. On one trail I saw two women (separately) out of a total of 6 riders that I encountered on the trail, including myself. So a third of the riders that I came in contact with that day were women…the highest ratio I have ever seen (no matter how many riders I encounter). Where are they? I’m glad you asked. They might just be in the beach towns of Southern California. A lot of beach cruisers there and I think a higher than average amount of road riders. This however, is one tiny island in a ocean of cycling.

    So ladies, come out come out wherever you are! You must be there…somewhere…someplace.
    Chris Daniels says so.

    Oh, by the way Mr. Daniels. I suspect you are spot on regarding the local bike shop. I have seen several go under in the last few years. Although one in particular has actually doubled in size. I wish they served pizza.

    • Chris Daniels

      I think you are correct about women numbers off-road, but the LAB and Women Bike gathers statistics world wide and does not define what type of bike. In Amsterdam, for example, the ratio of any/all bikes per people is literally 1:1. The problem is there is not good data (as you pointed out) for gender in MTB, but the point I am making is that women are a growing population of cyclists and that is all I said. Smoke and mirrors? I presented the data as it was presented by Women Bike and the LAB so take it up with them. Not once did I say that women are rising in the MTB world. Most of us shop at LBSs that carry all types of bikes so a shop that goes under effects all types of riders. What I chose to do was borrow those broad numbers and apply them to define a solution for a problem that will affect you, socaljohn: bike shops need to change the current model and tap a growing and underserved market in an effort to help them grow or at least stay afloat. Is this the only thing they should do? No, but I’ve got about 1,000 words to make a case.
      Thank you for your comment.

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