Watching for Wildlife: Tips for Dealing with Bears, Snakes, and Mountain Lions

We’ve all heard the hilarious story about how to tell the difference between black bears and grizzlies, right?  Black bears will have remnants of berries in their scat, and grizzlies will have remnants of bear bells in theirs!  All joking aside, our bike trails are out there in nature, where bears and snakes and mountain lions live.  It’s their home and we are just lucky visitors.  Protect yourself and the wildlife near your trails with some simple tips for avoiding too-close wildlife encounters on the trail.

1. Bears

Recently my friend Adelle and I were up biking on the Mesa.  I’d already warned her that during the parts of the ride in which we’d be in the woods, I would be talking loudly and yelling to the bears that we were around. Ironically, before we even got to the woods portion of the ride, we saw this guy:


I had to zoom in with my iPhone, but trust me, it’s a bear.  We were about 75 yards from the bear and he had absolutely no interest in us.  I yelled.  He didn’t even acknowledge that he’d heard me.  So we carefully biked on and I wondered why I hadn’t thought to bring bear spray.  On the way back, we both kept an eye out and made sure to yell loudly and talk loudly, but we never saw the bear again.  So, when biking in bear territory:

a. Be alert.  Keep an eye out for large squat furry things in the distance.

b. Talk loudly, especially in the woods.  We do this when backpacking too.  We yell things like, “Hey bears!  Hey Yogi!  No picnic baskets here!”  If the bear hears humans he/she is likely to run the other direction.  This way no one is startled or surprised.

c. Take bear spray.  We’ve done this when biking in Montana where grizzlies roam. I certainly thought about it more recently.  It’s proven itself effective in many situations!

d. If you’re faced with a bear, back away slowly. Do not turn your back on the bear.  Use your bear spray if necessary.  If the bear attacks, fight back if it’s a black bear; if it’s a grizzly bear, try to lie on your side in the fetal position and be as still as possible.  This has been shown to decrease the severity of injuries.

2. Snakes

Snakes are a fairly-common site on many trails.  I for one am irrationally terrified that one will get caught in my spokes and just wait to attack me until I stop for a break. A few weeks ago some friends and I were biking at Lunch Loop on our lunch break, and between the time my friend ahead of me went down the trail and when I followed in her tracks, a bull snake appeared.  I was in a spot where swerving wasn’t an option, and he just shot out of nowhere! As he and I continued on our collision course I saw him raise his head and pull it back, so hopefully he got out of the way.

Avoiding snakes can be difficult if you’re moving quickly, like on a downhill section of trail. I think the best advice is to:

a. Just keep an eye out for them when you’re on the trail.  You’re already looking ahead, so if you see a “stick” that seems to be out of place or oddly shaped, take note: it’s probably not a stick.

b. Watch where you put your feet when you stop for a break. Overhanging rocks make nice shady places for creatures to hide.  Brushy trail edges could be where they’ve just slithered off to after a recent break on the trail, too.

c. If you do see one stretched across the trail, try not to antagonize it.  The snake doesn’t want to bother you and doesn’t realize he’s in your way. Chances are he’ll realize that you’re around and move on shortly.

d. If you are faced with an angry snake, don’t make any sudden movements.  Try to move carefully away from the snake.

Pygmy rattlesnake on the Western Rim Trail in Colorado
Pygmy rattlesnake on the Western Rim Trail in Colorado

This poor guy had flattened himself out on the backside of this rock and only got noticed after our friend’s tire rolled over the rock.  He seemed ok, though, and moved on off to the side of the trail.  (I wasn’t that close: this was a zoomed-in photo).

3. Mountain Lions

I have, fortunately, never encountered one of these in the wild, and I really hope I never do. Mountain lions normally hunt at dawn and at dusk, so you’re at more of a risk when biking in the cooler hours of morning and evening.  They like to hide in dense brush, so if you’re wandering around in the bushes looking for a bathroom, make a lot of noise.

a. Wearing bright colors can deter mountain lions because it helps them distinguish you from their favorite food: deer.

b. Be alert.  Be careful bending over, as this exposes your neck and back: places mountain lions like to target.  Keep up a stream of conversation, too; lions go out of their way to avoid contact with humans and even other mountain lions, so hearing a human voice will most likely send them in the opposite direction.

c. If you are faced with one, make yourself look as big and menacing as possible as you slowly back away, making sure not to run and to leave plenty of options for the lion to escape what it (hopefully) will see as a dangerous person or threat.  DO NOT RUN.


These same general rules of making noise and backing away slowly can be used for encounters with other possibly threatening animals like moose and coyote as well.  I’ve never had issues with either one, but moose can be quite territorial.  As long as the animals hear you coming and know what you are and you give them their space, you probably have nothing to worry about.

We all want to enjoy the outdoors, and wildlife encounters can be really cool experiences.  Still, it’s best to know what to do to stay safe and protect both you and the animals living near our trails.

Your turn: Have you ever had a close encounter with a formidable animal while mountain biking? Share it with us in the comments section below!