Weekly beers with my buddy who’s new to mountain biking have been invaluable of late. In addition to being a great conversationalist, this friend regularly asks trail questions that we’ve yet to answer. This week’s quick question, however, was asked on social media, and it’s a super helpful one. “What does everyone think of riser bars? Do they give you more leverage for manuals?” Instead of just honing in on manuals, we will peruse the reasoning behind taller bars and try to address most of their potential benefits and detriments. Check out our past article on handlebar width to learn more about that important dimension.
Before we had dedicated trail or enduro bikes, bars were either fully flat for a low XC position or fairly raised for DH. Thankfully, geometry has drastically shifted at those poles, and there are rows of great bikes between them that roll well on a wide variety of tracks. Riser bars exist to get the handlebars higher when a rider is consistently descending steeper slopes. Combined with longer head-tubes, taller stack heights, stem spacers, and longer axle-to-crown fork measurements, riser bars push the grips up and back where you want them for an intense decline.
Higher bars can add confidence to your steep singletrack game by lifting the grips and allowing you to better regulate where your weight is on the bike. By steep I mean slopes that situate the bottom of your rear tire above the front hub. With a bar that’s too low, gravity forces the rider to put more weight on the front tire than they may want to at a given time. With higher hands, the rider can choose to weight the front tire when they want added grip under the bars or to lean back slightly to keep further from the uneasy over-the-bars sensation that comes from a track that’s too steep to walk down. On more gradual slopes some riders like a higher bar that’s at the ready for pumping and pushing the front tire into compressions where they want maximum traction. It may seem counter-intuitive, like the higher bar would remove body weight from the front tire, but with the correct body English, raising the bar a bit can be an effective way to allow for better weight modulation and balance.
We touch bikes with our ass, hands, and feet, and on descents, one of those variables is removed. While seated on a climb or a flat trail, riser bars may lose some advantage and can also be problematic if you’re trying to win a steep ascent. For example, in an elite level XC race, many riders will have their bars as low as possible, typically with negative-rise stems and sometimes riser bars that are flipped over to provide additional drop. That lower front end helps athletes keep the front tire planted on steep climbs where XC races are often won, and allows for a more aerodynamic posture when flat-out pedal speed is the paramount variable. While you can certainly climb with a high riser, your head may need to be a lot closer to the bar to make things work, and if it gets really steep you’ll struggle more to steer.
Getting back to the original question, that same light front wheel sensation might also help with manuals, though that depends a lot on your body geometry and manual skills.
Alternatively, if your bike’s stack height is too low for your body geometry, or the fork steerer tube is cut too short to add spacers beneath, a riser bar may create a more comfortable overall fit. If your bike’s stack height is too high for your body, for example, if you have fairly long arms, you may want a flatter bar to make things cozy. This fit question also plays catch with your personal level of flexibility, as some XC athletes may not be able to get low enough for a flipped riser and negative-rise stem. Finally, some bikes are designed to slide between different travel amounts by swapping a fork and a shock link. Since both frame-travel options use the same headtube you may want a riser bar and spacers below the stem when riding in the lower travel configuration to keep that ass-to-hands ratio similar.
As you add spacers beneath the stem your handlebars move incrementally rearward, following the angle of the head tube. In addition to lifting the grips, a riser bar can similarly shorten the frame’s reach in very small amounts. If two otherwise identical handlebars with a 20mm rise difference are mounted with the same rearward bar-roll orientation, the position of the grips moves both up and somewhat back as that 20mm rise is added. There are more effective ways to shorten a bike’s reach, but this is worth noting as you experiment with higher bars and different handlebar shapes. If you really want to shorten a bike’s reach the best bet is with a reach-adjust headset like this one from Works Components.
Riders who experience wrist pain or discomfort can fiddle with the fore and aft roll of a riser bar to find the spot that feels best. A small roll adjustment can also shift your weight just enough to make for better bike handling. It’s important to pay attention to the overall position of the bar while adjusting its angle so you don’t end up with something that’s only rideable in one position. The sweep angles of every bar are designed with optimal mounting placement in mind, and it’s best not to deviate too far from that point. Fortunately, if you need a different shape there are hundreds of options available.
Back pain can also be a sign that bar height might be off. In general, sorting out the ergonomics of our cockpits is one of the most personal elements of any bike, and it’s worth loads of time and attention to get the fit dialed. While the main point of riser bars is to create a better descending position, there’s certainly more to the story.
What’s your experience with riser bars?
High rise handlebars
Here are a few high rise handlebars to consider, ranging from 35-76mm of rise.
- Protaper alloy riser bar (76mm rise, 810mm wide)
- Diety Highside (50mm rise, 760mm wide)
- Race Face Atlas (35mm rise, 820mm wide)
- e-thirteen Rise 35 (35mm rise, 800mm wide)
Upsweep, backsweep, rise all come into the picture. Get into the position I want to be in, keep the chiropractor away, make play easier. Trialsy is required, simply put.
Keeping my scoliosis from getting really pissed. Offering a trialsy, playtime ride with less effort that a straight piece of pie can offer. And a rider postion that doesn’t look like a stroke patient’s posture.
I am definitely a fan of riser bars on my trail bike. I do not do too many steep climbs on it and it is easier to get my front wheel off the ground for manuals, bunny hops and pivots off my back wheel.
Advancing age has given me neck and shoulder problems that I’ve been addressing by changing my position. I’m using a Deity Highside bar with 80mm of rise, which is kind of extreme but super helpful. The super short stems on MTBs these days don’t allow for much adjustment via stem changes. So it’s cool to hear about what younger, competitive riders are using, but don’t forget us old guys.
My guess is some are late to the party by decades! Riser bars are all about creature comfort as well as lending to play time function. I have had risers in various forms since the early 70’s so they are realllll neeewww.
Upsweep is a consideration that is oft left out. Back sweep, we all should be quite familiar with. Both of those dimensions can lend to bar roll having a more pronounced effect on rider comfort, position and function.
At 47, with one back surgery already behind me, I’ve been riding the OneUp carbon bars with a 35mm rise for the last two years and they have absolutely made a difference. Between their unique design and the higher rise, they’ve helped both with “arm pump” as well as low back pain from the difference in body position.
All suggestions in the article and in the comments relate to handlebar height, not the actual use of a flat bar vs a riser bar. The real question should be that, if you could place your hands at the same height regardless, would you choose a riser bar with a lower stem or a flat bar with a higher stem? Why?
When risers first started gaining popularity, one reason stood above all others: fashion. Some would argue the desire for more sweep and a wider bar, but those features weren’t exclusive to riser bars. Wider flat bars weren’t everywhere, but they could be found…
So beyond some specific need due to injury or age, or if your bike is simply a bad fit for you…