Hopefully my recent post, One Is Enough, convinced some of you to give singlespeed mountain biking a try. The nice thing about singlespeeding is you may be able to do it for cheap by converting a bike you already own for less than $30! You could spend a lot more, but the basic conversion will get you rolling with only one gear and is perfect if you just want to try singlespeeding out. Converting an old bike to SS is also a great way to breathe new life into it and finally get it outof the garage and onto the trails again.

After riding my SS to help with the One Is Enough article, BrianW decided to convert his old 1991 Trek 830 to a SS. We did just the basic conversion on his bike, and that’s what this article will focus on. Future upgrades are included at the end however if you want to do a proper full-on, bomb-proof conversion.

Yep, you can even convert a full suspension bike to SS – you just need a special tensioner. I used the Yess ETR-V to convert my Anthem for my first taste of SS riding. I liked it so much I eventually built up a dedicated 29er SS hardtail and retired the Anthem.

Parts You’ll Need

Spacer kit – get one that includes lots of different spacer sizes to fine tune the rear cog position to achieve a really straight chain line. Some cheaper kits include only two spacers – I don’t recommend these.

Rear cog – if your hub has a steel freehub body (common on most lower end bikes), a cheap stamped cog will work, but if your hub has an aluminum freehub body you should get a dedicated SS cog with a wider base to prevent gouging the freehub body.

Tensioner – this will keep the chain nice and tight and keep it from falling off. There is a slight chance you wont need it, but very very slight. Go ahead and pick one up – you can always take it back if it turns out you don’t need it.

Chain – most SS rear cogs will not fit 9spd chains so you’ll need either a SS chain or an 8spd chain. If you’re converting an older bike it may already have an 8spd chain on it so feel free to reuse that chain on your SS set up as long as it isn’t too worn.

Several companies offer SS conversion kits that include the spacers, cog, and tensioner which is easier and cheaper than buying the parts separately.

BrainW purchased an Origin8 SS conversion kit that included multiple spacers, two cogs, and a tensioner.

Quick note on gearing: The gear ratio/combo you use is dependent on your fitness level and where you live. Someone in Denver, CO probably needs an easier gear than someone in Savannah, GA. Ask around your area for recommendations.

Tools You’ll Need

Performing the conversion takes limited mechanical knowledge and only a few bicycle-specific tools. These are tools every cyclist should own anyway as they’re required for basic maintenance/parts swapping. This project is a good excuse to get the tools if you don’t already own them!

  • Chain whip and lockring tool – used to remove the cassette from the rear wheel.
  • Chain tool – you’ll need to shorten the chain to the correct size.
  • Big adjustable wrench – used to turn the lockring tool.
  • Various allen wrenches – used to remove the rear derailleur and shifters, install the tensioner, etc.

Step 1 – No More Shifty Bits

This is pretty basic so I’m not going to go into too much detail. Just remove all of the parts you’ll no longer need:

  • chain
  • front derailleur
  • rear derailleur
  • front shifter
  • rear shifter
  • all shift cables and housing

Won’t need any of this crap any more.

Step 2 – Rear Cog Install and Alignment

Remove the rear wheel from the frame and the cassette from the hub. Use the chain whip to hold the cassette in place and the lockring tool and adjustable wrench to remove the lock ring. Once the cassette is off, it’s time to put the rear cog on and get your chain line straight. You’ll want to use the spacer kit to get the rear cog aligned with the middle ring on the cranks – it’ll take a few tries to get it right.

Put the cog and spacers on the wheel where you think it might be close but don’t tighten the lockring down too tight. Put the wheel into the frame and lay the chain across the cog and chainring. Is it straight? Probably not. Remove the rear wheel, and move the cog/spacers around to get closer. Repeat as necessary and once you’re happy with it, tighten the lockring down. You probably can’t get it 100% perfect, but get as close as possible. A straight chain will run smoother, wear much slower, and is less likely to come off the chainring.

Nice straight chain line.

Tip: It’s hard to tell if the chain is straight just by eyeballing it. None of the frame tubes will be parallel to the chain so it makes it hard to visualize. Here’s what I do: place a straight edge (I use a level) on the chainrings extending back towards the rear wheel. If the chain is straight, it will stay the same distance from the straight edge all the way back.

A straight edge makes it easy to tell if your chain line is good or not.

Step 3 – Chain Length and Tensioner Install

We’re almost done! Now it’s time to shorten the chain to the correct length. Without the tensioner on the bike, wrap the chain around the middle chainring and rear cog. Figure out where you need to remove the excess chain – you want the chain as short as possible – then put the remaining chain back together. Chances are the chain will be a little too longand you’ll have some slack but that’s what the tensioner is for. If you get lucky, the gear combo and chainstay length will work out perfectly and you wont need the tensioner. But, this is rare.

The chain didn’t quite line up perfectly on BrianW’s bike so we had to use a tensioner. When you shorten the chain be sure take it apart at the correct place, so you have a pair of outer links on one end and inner links on the other – can’t connect two sets of outer links!

Installing the tensioner is easiest if you remove the pulley wheel so you don’t have to fight the chain. The tensioner should have a spring peg near the derailleur hanger mount – that peg should sit in the ‘hook’ of the derailleur hanger. The pulley wheel is usually adjustable so you can set it up to match your chainline.

Looking through the wheel, you can see the spring peg sitting in the derailleur hanger hook.

Some tensioners are designed to push the chain down, some are designed to push the chain up, and some can work either way. A tensioner that pushes up on the chain is desirable because it causes the chain to wrap around the rear cog better, so there’s more teeth engaging the chain and less chance of slip or dropping the chain. However, a decent tensioner that pushes down on the chain will work okay too.

The Origin8 tensioner pushes down on the chain. This bike is ready to ride!

Okay, you’re done! Go ride and enjoy the simplicity of singlespeeding.

Go All Out

There are a few additional upgrades you can do to make your SS set-up better for long term use.

SS chainring – A dedicated SS chainring will not have any shift pins/ramps and will have taller and widerteeth than a ring designed for shifting. The taller/wider teeth are stronger and engage the chain better for reduced chance of slipping and dropping the chain.

Wider SS cog – conversion kits all come with rear cogs that are stamped out of a flat piece of steel. They are thin and under high load they can gouge into the cassette body on your hub, especially if it is a lightweight aluminum body. True SS cogs are machined out of a large piece of metal and have a wider base to spread out the load to prevent messing up your expensive hubs.

SS chainring bolts – these shorter bolts will let you remove thebig ring from your crank. Less weight, more ground clearance, and no exposed teeth to cut into your leg in a crash. And it looks nice and clean.


BrainW’s old bike is now ready to hit the trails once again!

# Comments

  • maddslacker

    You mention leaving the correct links when shortening the chain in order to be able to er-attach it, but what about just using a Sram Power Link? They are compatible with Sram, Shimano and KMC chains, and the 8-speed version should work in your scenario.

  • dgaddis

    As long as the powerlink is compatible with the chain you’re using it would work. But, me personally, I’d rather just reassemble the chain without the Power Link as they tend to be weak links (no pun intended). SSing puts a high strain on the chain much more often than riding with gears, and the chance of you needing to disassemble it out on the trail is really small. That said, my KNC SS chain has a master/connecting link and I do use it it, but it’s a different design than powerlinks.

  • Jared13

    I’m in the process of tearing apart a Trek 820 (just to take it apart) and when I re-assemble it I’ll be turning it into a single speed.
    Thanks for the write-up!

  • maddslacker

    It’s funny how the PoweLink is presented as a new and exciting thing by Sram….I was using a similar product on my BMX back in the 80’s. It was from KMC, I think.

  • brianW

    Last week I replaced the old chain ring (39T) with a 36T SS chain ring and also put in short bolts. Nice clean look and the gear ratio 36/18 is better for me at least for the trails in my local area.

  • mtbgreg1

    Hey dgaddis, the owner of the shop I ride with is a SS fanatic, and I was talking to him about converting one of my bikes over. He was telling me about a certain rear hub that will allow you to tension the chain without having SS drop outs or a chain tensioner. (the problem being with chain tensioners that it’s easier to drop your chain and they increase friction) I wasn’t quite following him on any of the techno talk about the hub, though.

    Have you heard of it? Care to shed any light on it?

  • dgaddis

    He was talking about the White Industries Eno hub. It has an eccentric axle, meaning the axle the hub actually spins on is offset from the axles that bolt into the dropout, so by rotating the hub in the frame you vary the distance between it and the bottom bracket. People seem to like them, and it is a good way to go SS on any hardtail and have a nice clean look. It’s a lot more expensive than a tensioner tho, they run about $175 a piece I think, and then you gotta get them laced to a rim. Another concern is that they use a thread on BMX style freewheel, not a cassette body like a normal mtn bike hub. SO, you can’t adjust the chain line by moving the cog, instead you need cranks that will work with whatever chainline the hub uses. You can check them out here: http://www.whiteind.com/rearhubs/singlespeedhubs.html

  • airmech404

    I just don’t get the whole “Single Speed” thing! I grew up in Canyon Country, CA. in the ’70’s and early ’80’s, great riding area then, probably covered in houses now. I rode those hills on my Robinson and Tracker BMX bikes daily (Still have the thighs and calves to prove it). I did’nt get into mountain biking untill the mid ’90’s while living in Sicily, Italy. terrain nearly identical to Canyon Country but somehow better. I realized right away I was able to “Ride” up hills that are impossible to ride up without grearing, unless maybe your name is Tinker Juarez, (I’m talking about scraping your nose on the front weel just to keep it in the ground steep) and then ride down the other side while pedaling and increasing my speed over that possible by just coasting. In each case creating a much more extreem/fun “Ride”. That’s what cross country mountian biking is all about; earning your downhill adrenaline rush by “Riding” up the hill/Mountain first! Mount Etna ride anyone! Gears were put on bicycles for a reason, to go further faster “On” your bicycle. I guess though for some, less is more. Those poor poor week souls!

    • Ryno Room

      I’m totally with you. That’s like turning you mountain bike to a beach bicycle.

    • dgaddis

      You mock what you do not understand.

      Gears are for the weak legged and weak willed.


  • Lonerider1013

    Running single speed in hilly parts in Nj (don’t laugh, we have some hills). I have lots of geared bikes but the single speed is the go-to. Funny how that is.

    I got the frame for cheap (old airborn liberator hardtail), and built the rest as I went. Even tho i am somewhat chubby I get up most hills on it. And the view from the top is so much sweeter.

  • Bill Pitts

    A much simpler, cost-free method is simply NOT to shift. We don’t have mountains here, but we do have some good climbing slopes and short steep drops (think ravines). I find that most of the time I’m riding in one gear, typically 10th, and able to handle most of the trail. The only times I gear up is when I hit a stretch of doubletrack.

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